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Posted on June 21st, 2017 by Andries Lodder


Your Menisci

The knee is a common site of injury as it is located at the end of two long lever arms, the tibia and femur. The knee compromises of ligaments and muscles on which it is dependent on for its strength and stability.

Among the most common knee disorders encountered by orthopedic surgeons are meniscal lesions. Meniscal injuries occur in any age group and are associated with sudden rotation of the leg while the foot is planted or while the knee is bent.

Medial meniscus injuries occur more often as a result of the lateral meniscus not being attached as firmly to the tibia. Function of the menisci includes load transmission, joint lubrication, joint nutrition, shock absorption and stability.

Do you think you have a meniscal tear? Well, a severe meniscal tear will result in a large amount of pain down the edge of the knee where the injured meniscus is located. The pain however has also been known to be more vague and dull and the whole knee feels in pain. Irrespective of the severity of the tear the knee will feel stiff, swell up and feel tight, such as water on the knee. A restriction in range of motion is also a good indicator of meniscal damage.

Initial treatment is always RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation of the injured site. You can also wear a knee brace and get some anti-inflammatories.

Secondary treatment is to make an appointment with a Physiotherapist or Biokineticist to determine the severity of the injury as well as to guide you along the route of recovery with a specified rehabilitation pain management (physiotherapists) and strengthening program (biokineticists). 



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